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Indonesia Volcano

Merapi is the name of a volcano in Central Java and Yogyakarta-Indonesia, is still very active today. Since the year 1548, merapi has erupted 68 times as much. Located quite close to the city of Yogyakarta and there are still villages on its slopes to a height of 1700 m. For people in the venue, Merapi brings material blessing of sand, whereas for the local government, Mount Merapi, a tourist attraction for tourists. Merapi is now included in the National Park area of Mount Merapi.

Mount Merapi is the youngest in a collection of volcanoes in the southern part of Java Island. The mountain is located in the subduction zone, where the Indo-Australian plate continues to move down the Eurasian Plate. The eruption in the area lasted from 400,000 years ago, and up to 10,000 years ago kind of eruption is effusive. After that, the eruptions become explosive, with lava flows that cause thick lava domes.

Small eruptions occur every 2-3 years, and the larger about 10-15 years. Merapi eruptions big impact among others in the years 1006, 1786, 1822, 1872, and 1930. Large eruption in 1006 made the whole central part of Java island shrouded in gray. It is estimated, the eruption caused the Ancient Mataram Kingdom should move to East Java. Eruption in 1930 destroyed 13 villages and killed 1400 people.

The eruption in November 1994 causing clouds blowing heat down to reach some villages and claimed dozens of human lives. July 19, 1998 eruption is big enough but it pointed up so it does not take casualties. Note the last eruption of this mountain was in 2001-2003 in the form of high activity are ongoing.

Mount Merapi is the object of a popular climb. The most common route is through the side and near north of Selo, one district in Boyolali district, Central Java, which lies between Mount Merapi and Mount Merbabu. Climbing through Selo takes an average of 5 hours to the summit.

Another popular path is through Kaliurang, Pakem District, Sleman District, Yogyakarta on the southern side. This path is more steep and takes about 6-7 hours to the summit. Another alternative route is through the northwest side, starting from Sawangan, Magelang regency, Central Java, and through the southeast, the direction of pure-bred, Kemalang District, Klaten Regency, Central Java.


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